Issues relating to the work of NRS agencies typically cross the policy and portfolio interests of more than one agency or decision-maker and can affect more than one outcome area. A broad understanding amongst relevant NRS agencies of the analysis, trade-offs, options and risks is important for providing robust and resilient advice to decision-makers. This is not to say that agencies need to agree on the solutions but rather should confront hard choices and broadly agree the set of options available.


The purpose of this component is to provide high quality policy advice to decision-makers that is consistent with the objective of effective stewardship and kaitiakitanga. To deliver this, general agreement is needed across the relevant NRS agencies on the issues, options and outcomes that form the basis of that advice.


The aim is for NRS agencies to provide consistent advice to decision-makers through a collective narrative on the issues faced, policy options, and nature of any trade-offs.

Tier 1: Tasks


  • Agree on a collective narrative that reflects the trade-offs to be confronted in the final set of options.
  • Ensure assumptions and limitations of the analysis are made explicit.

Tier 2: Reasoning

Look closely at the assumptions and reasons that underlie your analysis to understand them better and test their strength.

Tier 3: Engagement / tools

Useful tools and engagement opportunities

  • Briefings to incoming Ministers.
  • Cabinet papers and briefing notes.
  • Ministerial meetings.